Education in Britain is provided by the Local Education Authority (LEA) in each country. In England educational planning and organization are not controlled as much by central government as in many other countries. Each LEA is free to decide how to organize education in their area.
Nursery education (under 5 years)
Children do not have to go to school until they reach the age of five, but there is some free nursery-school education before that age.
However, LEAs donТt have nursery school places for all who would like them and these places are usually given to families in special circumstances (обсто¤тельства), for example families with one parent family only.
Primary education (5 to 11 years)
Primary (начальное) education takes place in infant (ребенок, младенец) schools (pupils aged from 5 to 7 years) and junior schools (from 8 to 11 years).
Private education (5 to 18 years)
Some parents choose to pay for private education in spite of the existence of free state education. These schools are very expensive and they are attended (посещать) by about 5 per cent of the school population.
Secondary education (11 to 16/18 years)
In Britain children must go to school until the age of 16, and pupils may stay on for one or two years more if they wish. Secondary schools are usually much lager than primary schools and most children Ц over 80 per cent Ц go to a comprehensive school at age of 11. These schools are not selective (выбирать) - you donТt have to pass an exam to go there.